In Analytics Suite 2, all segmentation conditions are applied to the visit. So a negative filter (for example "does not contain") will be applied to the whole visit. Let's take the case where we apply a filter "Does not contain the Home page" if a visit contains a "Home" page it will be excluded.
In Piano Analytics, segmentation is much more flexible and powerful. Thus, in each condition block, we will look if an event meets the criterion. Thus, if we apply a filter "Does not contain" on the page property, with the value "Home" on an event "page.display" we will look for all visits with at least one page that was not called "Home". This will allow us to look only at engaged visits that have seen something other than the "Home" page
If you want to reproduce the behavior of Analytics Suite 2 it is of course possible. You just have to change the segmentation mode from "See all" to "Exclude all" to exclude all the visits corresponding to your criteria and to change from negative to positive criteria (for example from "does not contain" to "contains")